June 2, 2023

Estimates put the cost of King Charles coronation at between £50 million and £100 million ($63-125 million).

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LONDON — The eyes of the world will be on the U.K. this weekend as King Charles III is crowned at Westminster Abbey in a quintessentially British display of pomp and pageantry.

The coronation, which will be conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury on Saturday May 6, will kickstart three days of celebrations across London and the wider U.K., culminating in a public holiday on May 8.

The service — the first of its kind in 70 years — is largely ceremonial, following the 74-year-old king’s official accession to the throne on September 8, 2022, the day of Queen Elizabeth II’s death.

But while millions are expected to observe the historic occasion, it falls against a challenging economic backdrop for the U.K, with many questioning the validity of the event as the country faces its worst cost-of-living crisis in a generation.

How much will the coronation cost?

A member of the Royal Household works on the Chair of Estate for Britain’s King Charles III at Frogmore Workshops in Windsor, west of London, on April 21, 2023, ahead of the coronation of Britain’s King Charles III and the Britain’s Camilla, Queen Consort on May 6.

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The Westminster Abbey ceremony, for instance, will be attended by some 2,000 VIP guests — around a quarter of the number present at the late queen’s coronation — and the process will last around one hour, rather than several.

Still, the expense of the weekend’s proceedings — which include a “King’s procession” and a star-studded concert in Windsor Gardens — are expected to run to between £50 million and £100 million ($63-125 million), according to estimates cited by the BBC which it said was not from an official source.

Florist Shane Connolly stands next to flowers, which some of them will be used at Westminster Abbey for the Coronation of King Charles and Camilla, Queen Consort, in London, Britain May 4, 2023. 

Yui Mok | Reuters

That’s potentially more than the approximately £50 million in today’s money — then £1.5 million — spent when the queen took the throne in 1953.

It’s also well above the equivalent £24.8 million — then £450,000 — spent on George VI’s coronation in 1937.

Who pays for the event?

Mounted police officers patrol ahead of the Coronation of Britain’s King Charles and Camilla, Queen Consort, in London, Britain, May 2, 2023. 

Maja Smiejkowska | Reuters

Currently, U.K. gross domestic product (GDP) stands around 0.6% below its level of late-2019, and it is the only G-7 economy not to have recovered from the Covid-induced slump. Inflation, meanwhile, remains stubbornly high, with the headline rate rising 10.1% annually in March, and food and beverage costs rising at the sharpest clip in 45 years.

The government, for its part, however, insists that the occasion will bring in millions for businesses, particularly the hard-hit retail, tourism and hospitality sectors. According to some estimates, retail sales are typically boosted by around 15% per day on public holidays.

The coronation comes as the U.K. economy remains in the doldrums and many Britons struggle with daily expenses amid the country’s cost-of-living crisis.

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UK Hospitality, a trade association for the hospitality industry, said that the king’s coronation could bring a £350 million boost to the sector. That, combined with Britain’s two further May bank holidays, as well as the Eurovision Song Contest in Liverpool on May 13, could generate a total boost of £1 billion, it added.

— CNBC’s Gaelle Legrand contributed to this report.